cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
MariaGoltz
Employee
Employee

Disclaimer: Information provided in this blog serves only as a general overview and does not replace any legal agreements between SAP and its contractual parties. As this blog may not be updated regularly, please refer to your assigned SAP Account or Partner Manager for up-to-date information, especially regarding roadmaps, licensing and pricing models.

The blog post SAP EA Framework Presentation at the TOGAF® Standard 10th Edition – Launch Event [1] presented the SAP Enterprise Architecture Methodology, which aims to align Business Architecture Domain with IT Solution Architecture Domain.

MariaG_0-1663397636305.png

Figure 1 – SAP Enterprise Architecture Methodology – Linking Business and IT

Based on the SAP Enterprise Architecture Methodology, the standardized SAP Reference Architecture Content provides a harmonized Business and Solution Architecture Reference content which customers can leverage to accelerate their business transformation. The content aims to align business and IT by mapping business capabilities and processes with IT solutions. As such, it is composed of 2 parts:

  • SAP Reference Business Architecture (RBA) describes the scope and undertaking of any enterprise, in a business-centric and product-agnostic way.
  • SAP Reference Solution Architecture (RSA) explores how SAP addresses a customer’s business challenge with its unique product portfolio.

In this blog, we will take a closer look at the SAP Reference Business Architecture Content – what it is and how it is structured.

A closer look at the SAP Reference Business Architecture (RBA)
The SAP Reference Business Architecture (RBA) is based on SAP’s 50 years of industry experience and is aligned with best practices and standards, such as APQC [2]. It is comprised of the following core elements:

MariaG_0-1663397965087.png

Figure 2 – SAP Reference Business Architecture – Core Elements

The enterprise through the lens of business capabilities…
From a functional-perspective, the SAP Reference Business Architecture (RBA) describes an enterprise using 4 Enterprise Domains:

  • Products & Services
    Developing and managing products and services.
  • Supply
    Fulfilling the demand for products and services.
  • Customer
    Generating the demand for products and services.
  • Corporate
    Planning and managing the enterprise.

These Enterprise Domains can be decomposed into Business Domains and Business Areas, which group Business Capabilities. A Business Capability defines the “what” the enterprise does, constituting a particular ability that an enterprise may possess, which is needed to deliver value or achieve a specific outcome.

The enterprise through the lens of business processes…
From a process-perspective, the SAP Reference Business Architecture (RBA) describes an enterprise based on 8 generic End-to-End Business Process:

  • Idea to Market
    Managing the lifecycle of products and services, such as managing the product portfolio and investments, identifying new products and services, finalizing the design, managing intellectual property, and product compliance.
  • Source to Pay
    Managing the comprehensive sourcing and procurement of products and services, such as the procurement planning and managing spend, sourcing and supplier selection, negotiating and managing supplier contracts, and preparing and executing operational procurement.
  • Plan to Fulfill
    Planning, production, delivery, and fulfillment of products or services as well as tracking and tracing, data management, and sustainable manufacturing operations.
  • Lead to Cash
    Marketing and selling of products and services, managing sales orders and their fulfillment, providing after-sales related services, invoicing customers, managing accounts receivable and collecting payment.
  • Recruit to Retire
    Managing the overall lifecycle of employees, including HR strategizing, planning, and budgeting.
  • Acquire to Decommission
    Managing the overall lifecycle, including planning asset strategy and investments, defining asset maintenance strategies, acquiring or building assets, onboarding assets, planning and executing asset maintenance, as well as offboarding and decommissioning assets.
  • Governance
    Covering all business activities related to internal operations, such as developing and managing enterprise strategy and plans, managing portfolio and projects, managing global trade and tax, and managing risk and compliance.
  • Finance
    Covering all business activities related to financial operations, such as optimizing financials, managing account receivables and payables, accounting and financial close, and managing treasury

The generic end-to-end business processes are foundational templates, which contain all the business activities required in a respective context. As such, the generic business process may have different variations, which contain the actual executable business process that addresses specific use cases, industries and other contexts.

As an example - the following are variations of the generic Lead to Cash (to name only a few):

  • Lead to Cash for Business-to-Business
    Marketing and selling tangible products and one-time services to B2B customers.
  • Business-to-Consumer Omni-channel Commerce, Physical Products
    Marketing and selling tangible products to B2C customers.
  • Subscription and Usage Business
    Selling, delivering and invoicing subscription-based services and usage to B2B and B2C customers. Customers with subscription-based services have recurring charges during their subscription period. For usage-based customers, the use of resources is monitored, and customers are charged only when they use a certain product or service.
  • … and more

At a more granular level, a business process can be decomposed into different Business Activities, which describes how value is generated by using certain Business Capabilities.


What’s next?
As previously mentioned, the SAP Reference Architecture Content helps align Business and IT by mapping business challenges with IT solutions. It is composed of 2 parts:

  • SAP Reference Business Architecture (RBA) describes the scope and undertaking of any enterprise, in a business-centric and product-agnostic way.
  • SAP Reference Solution Architecture (RSA) explores how SAP addresses a customer’s business challenge with its unique product portfolio.

In the next blog, we will take a closer look at the SAP Reference Solution Architecture (RSA) and how it complements the SAP Reference Business Architecture (RBA).

Do you want access to the SAP Reference Architecture Content? As part of the Beta program, the SAP Reference Architecture Content is available on SAP Signavio. Check the blog Success for the One Process Acceleration Layer Beta Program, underway with over 120 users [3] to learn more.

References:
[1] SAP EA Framework Presentation at the TOGAF® Standard 10th Edition – Launch Event
https://groups.community.sap.com/t5/enterprise-architecture-blog/sap-ea-framework-presentation-at-th...

[2] AQPC Website
https://www.apqc.org/

[3] Success for the One Process Acceleration Layer Beta Program, underway with over 120 users
https://blogs.sap.com/2022/07/21/success-for-the-one-process-acceleration-layer-beta-program-underwa...

 

1 Comment